Spring ephemeral wildflower walk at Jay Cooke State Park on 5.14.2022

Yellow Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum)

After a long, cold winter with heavy snowfalls followed by a cool spring, the Arrowhead Native Plant Explorers wondered if the snow would melt for the spring ephemerals to show up for the planned hike in May. On a sunny Saturday, the group of just under 30 participants were delighted to find yellow and white trout lilies, spring beauties, and bloodroots among others on the deciduous forest floor. See a more comprehensive list below.

Leatherwood (Dirca palustris)

List of spring flora observed:

Flowering Plants

White Trout Lily (Erythronium albidum)

Yellow Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum)

Cut-leaved Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata) (not blooming yet)

Wild Leeks (Allium tricoccum) (not blooming yet)

Virginia Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica)

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense)

Dutchman’s Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Large-flowered Bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

Sessile-leaved Bellwort (Uvularia sessilifolia)

Large-flowered Trillium (Trillium grandiflora) (not blooming yet)

Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) (not blooming yet)

Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia)

Round-lobed Hepatica (Anemone americana)

Rose Twisted Stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus) (not blooming yet)

Dwarf Ginseng (Panax trifolius) (not blooming yet)

Violet (unknown, not blooming)

Hairy Woodrush (Luzula acuminata)

Arrowhead Native Plant Explorers sniffing wild ginger.

Non-flowering Plants

Woodland Horsetail (Equisetum sylvaticum)

Meadow Horsetail (Equisetum pratense)

Dwarf Scouring Rush (Equisetum scirpoides)

Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris)

Interrupted Fern (Osmunda claytoniana)

Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina)

Spinulose Wood Fern (Dryopteris carthusiana) (last year’s leaves only)

Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum) (we missed this one, but Rubin had scouted last year’s leaves)

ANPE members learning about the new Lending Library.

Fungi

Scarlet Cup (Sarcoscypha austriaca)

Devil’s Urn (Urnula craterium)

Scarlet Cup (Sarcoscypa austriaca)
Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginiana) and Cut-leaved Toothwort leaves (Cardamine concatenata) and Trout Lily leaves.

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